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Kalbant apie simuliacinę realybę ir to atspindžius kino filmuose, greičiausiai dauguma net nepagalvoję, išvardintų tris Matricos (”The Matrix“) filmo dalis. Asmeniškai man šis filmas patinka, jis įtraukia, yra paslaptingas, jame gausu vaizdo ir garso efektų, filme susipina fantastika su nemažai istorinių faktų, mitologija, religijomis bei filosofijomis, be abejo fantastikos elementų daug, tačiau pagrindinė filmo siužeto linija, mintis ir plėtojama problema yra “realybės ir iliuzijos santykis“. Kaip atskirti kas yra realu, o kas tik fikcija? Ir kas iš viso yra tas realumas?

Remiantis teorija, yra išskiriamos 4 simuliacinės realybės rūšys:
1. Sąveika tarp smegenų ir kompiuterio, kurios metu kiekvienas simuliacinės realybės dalyvis į ją patenka iš išorės, jo smegenis prijungiant prie simuliacinio kompiuterio. Kompiuteris perduoda sensorinius duomenis į smegenis, o iš jų gauna informaciją apie dalyvio troškimus, norus ir poreikius. Tokiu būdu kompiuteris sąveikauja su simuliaciniu pasauliu ir gauna atsakomąją reakciją. Dalyvio smegenys simuliacijos metu sunaikina bet kokius išorinės realybės požymius. Dalyvio išorė simuliacijoje gali kardinaliai skirtis nuo tikrovėje esančios, nes jis įsikūnija į jam priskirtą avatarą. Būtent šios simuliacinės realybės rūšis ir yra pavaizduota 1999 m. sukurtame mokslinės fantastikos filme ,,Matrica“ bei “Tryliktas aukštas”.

2. Virtualūs žmonės. Dalyviai gyvena simuliacijoje ir neturi ,,tikro” kūno už jos ribų. Kiekvienas virtualus žmogus yra visiškai simuliuojama būtybė, valdanti atitinkamą sąmoningumo lygį, kuris yra įdiegiamas per kompiuterį. Dalyvis gali būti perkeliamas iš vienos simuliacijos į kitą, arba archyvuojamas ir atgaivinamas vėliau. Taip pat yra įmanoma, kad simuliuojama būtybė gali būti visiškai iškeldinta iš simuliacijos ir perkelta į dirbtinį kūną, pasinaudojant proto perkėlimo technologijomis (angl. “Mind transfer“). Kitas būdas iškeldinti simuliacijos gyventoją yra klonuoti jį, paimant jo virtualaus DNR mėginį ir taip sukurti jo dublikatą tikrame pasaulyje. Tokiu būdu iškeldintas simuliacijos gyventojas gimtų naujame kūne tikrame pasaulyje. Ši rūšis dar skirstoma į du porūšius:
• Virtualūs žmonės ir virtualus pasaulis, kuriame išorinė realybė yra simuliuojama atskirai nuo dirbtinio proto.
• Solipsistinė simuliacija (angl. “Solipsistic Simulation“), kurios metu sąmoningumas yra simuliuojamas, o virtualaus pasaulio dalyvių suvokimas egzistuoja tik jų proto viduje. Tai yra viena iš simuliacinės realybės rušių, atskleistų ir panaudotų filme “Tryliktas aukštas”.

3. Emigracinė simuliacija. Jos dalyvis įžengia į simuliaciją iš išorinės realybės taip pat kaip ir pirmoje simuliacinės realybės rūšyje, tik daug didesniu laipsniu. Dalyvis per proto perkėlimo technologiją persikelia į simuliacinę būtį, savo protą ir psichines savybes suteikdamas jam priskirtam virtualiam žmogui. Simuliacijos metu įgyta patirtis išlieka dalyvio atmintyje ir po simuliacijos.

 
4. Sumaišymas, kurio metu susiduria išorinio pasaulio dalyviai į simuliaciją patekę pirmuoju arba trečiuoju simuliacinės realybės būdu ir vietiniai simuliacinės realybės gyventojai (virtualūs žmonės). Tai galima iliustruoti pavyzdžiu iš filmo ,,Matrica“, kurioje egzistuoja ne tik žmogaus protas (kūnas lieka už simuliacinės realybės ribų), bet ir jautrios žmonių pavidalo kompiuterinės programos, kurios valdo įvairius simuliacinės realybės aspektus.

Tiems, kam tokia tema kelia susidomėjimą, siūlau pažiūrėti tokius filmus kaip:

Tryliktas aukštas (”The Trhirteenth Floor“) ir

Vanilinis dangus (”Vanilla Sky“), plačiau apie šį filmą sekančiame įraše.

Šiuose filmuose nėra tiek daug veiksmo ir specialiųjų efektų, bet yra kitų elementų, kurie įtraukia ir daro juos gal kiek daugiau mistiškesnius, tačiau plėtojama problema tokia pati kaip ir Matricoje, tik ji atskleidžiama subtiliau. Rekomenduoju visiems, norintiems gerai praleisti vakarą :).

Be abejo, tai ne visi filmai, sukurti remiantis šia tematika. Visų šių simuliacinės realybės filmų tipo orginalu ir pradžia galima būtų laikyti 1973 metais sukurtą filmą “Welt am Draht“, Vėliau, 1998 m., pasirodė “Dark city” ir po metų laiko “eXistenZ“. Šių dar nemačiau, bet artimiausiu metu ketinu tai padaryti, jei bus geras - rekomenduosiu. :)

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